Iluka seeks to manage its impact on the environment, use resources efficiently and leave positive rehabilitation and closure outcomes.

Iluka’s environmental management is underpinned by the company's health, safety, environment and community system which guides the company in demonstrating leading practice in these areas through all business activities - from exploration, planning, research and project development, through to operation, rehabilitation and closure.

Activities are conducted such that adverse impacts on existing and potential environmental values, including ecosystem function, abundance, diversity, distribution, integrity and productivity, are understood and minimised. The individual environmental requirements of each site are considered and site specific procedures and work instructions are developed in compliance with Iluka’s management system.

Iluka recognises that compliance with legislative requirements is a minimum standard that should be achieved while performing at, or beyond legal requirements.

Iluka reports on its environmental management activities annually, including land rehabilitation and closure, water use, mineral waste management, biodiversity and product stewardship, in ​the 2017 sustainability report. 

​Land rehabilitation and closure

Land management and rehabilitation are a major focus for Iluka and constitute a significant, continuous part of the company’s activities. Iluka has an established record of land rehabilitation over several decades and its rehabilitation efforts are aligned with leading practice and undertaken in a socially and environmentally responsible manner.

Iluka manages a diverse range of land uses including native vegetation across a range of climate zones and agricultural sites. Closure planning begins before mining starts and where practicable, rehabilitation occurs progressively with ongoing mining activity.

Rehabilitation objectives are determined in consultation with landowners, regulatory authorities and technical experts, and plans are developed for reconstruction of soil profiles, landform shapes and re-establishment of the agreed vegetation. In most cases, Iluka is required to rehabilitate disturbed areas to land uses similar to those that existed prior to mining.

Iluka has a team of multi-disciplinary technical experts who work to integrate best closure and rehabilitation practice across all phases of mine planning and development. Iluka also undertakes research projects, where necessary, to support rehabilitation planning and activities.

Further information on Iluka's environmental case studies and research partnerships​ can be found here.


Biodiversity, the variability among living organisms (including genetic diversity, species diversity and ecosystem diversity), is an integral consideration for planning, operational and rehabilitation activities at Iluka. Iluka manages biodiversity impacts in its environmental management system framework, with guidance from the International Council on Mining and Metals Framework for Sustainable Development, relevant regulatory bodies and experts in the field.  

Iluka owns, leases or manages a number of operational, rehabilitation and future project sites that contain areas of high biodiversity value. Iluka’s management approach is aimed at the protection and enhancement of biodiversity values and to prevent adverse impacts from occurring, or if this is not possible, to limit their significance to an acceptable level. A hierarchy of controls - avoidance, minimisation, restoration, biodiversity offsets or other conservation actions - is followed and tailored to the specific potential impact. Biodiversity management occurs within each of the planning, operational and rehabilitation phases. At each technical level, practical and quantifiable outcomes can be achieved in protecting and enhancing biodiversity at Iluka's sites.

Further information on Iluka’s biodiversity management is available in the 2016 sustainability report, which will be published online here in April 2017.

The company develops and implements leading practice in protecting and enhancing biodiversity through scientific research. Iluka supports fundamental scientific enquiry through partnerships with research institutions. Further information on Iluka's environmental research partnerships is available here.


Iluka Resources South West Digital Herbarium

Iluka rehabilitation professionals have developed a South West Digital Herbarium to assist with identification of juvenile native plants at the Yoganup ecological corridor, located at the rehabilitated Yoganup mine approximately 10 kilometres from the town of Capel in the south west of Western Australia. These sheets contain information on botanical descriptions, flowering, seed collection timing, locations, average germination numbers per gram, best treatments and storage to guide rehabilitation activities, with photographic images for each species also included.

This resource has considerably enhanced Iluka’s rehabilitation of the Yoganup site and future work at the Tutunup South mine 20 kilometres to the south. This approach has also guided general environmental management and planning practices undertaken throughout the company.

In the interests of collaboration and knowledge sharing, Iluka is pleased to make this information available publically. To view online or download a copy of the Herbarium (25MB), please refer below.

​Water use

Iluka understands that water is a precious shared resource and mining is a significant water user. The company has an important role in the sustainable management of water resources in the locations it operates, particularly in water-stressed areas. Iluka uses water in its mining, processing and separation processes, and places a strong focus on the sustainable use of water and in continually developing efficient and improved solutions for water use. Some of these initiatives include the process use of hyper saline water and recycled water in process plants.

Energy efficiency and climate change

Energy use and greenhouse gas (GHG) carbon emissions are recognised for their economic, social, environmental and regulatory impacts. Iluka’s activities are inherently energy-intensive with the majority of its GHG emissions generated from energy use during mining and processing. Iluka aims to conserve energy, measure outputs, monitor impacts and is committed to meeting current and future regulatory requirements. Methodologies used by Iluka to calculate Scope 1 emissions include direct measurements of energy sources consumed, and calculations based on site-specific data, and those based on published criteria - such as emission factors and global warming potential values.

​Product stewardship

Iluka’s product stewardship approach seeks to guide the application of mineral sand products to ensure a thorough understanding of the health, safety and environmental benefits and risks and to promote their responsible use. This follows the International Council on Mining and Metals Sustainable Development Framework which promotes the safe production, use, recycling and disposal of metals and their products.

Product stewardship is integrated throughout business decisions and materials management. Iluka engages with customers to create opportunities that promote the responsible use of mineral sands products. Iluka also supports scientific research activities and participates in industry consortia to support productive utilisation of products.

All of Iluka’s products and by-products sold into global markets have an associated Safety Data Sheet. The Safety Data Sheet informs customers of the possible hazards of materials and provides information on the safe storage, handling and disposal of those materials. Iluka’s Safety Data Sheets conforms to the Global Harmonising System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals and is translated into the native language of customers.

Iluka’s Safety Data Sheets can be found on the website here

​Further information

Further information on Iluka's environmental performance, case studies and research partnerships​ can be found here